This project aims at looking at information Dissemination on Agriculture in Nigeria, this is a particular reference to ADP Awka agricultural development programme in Anambra State. Its purpose were to find out what constituted the problem of information dissemination on agriculture. The study identified various information flow to farmers.
A properly organized and effective information network facilitates the adoption of new technology by the farmers, which in effect raise agricultural product.
To ensure the success of agricultural support service to farmers, immense attention must be paid to efficient organization of agricultural information services with well trained staff.
An important complement to effective information dissemination of timely needed information.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page - - - - - - - - -i
Approval page - - - - - - - -ii
Dedication - - - - - - - - -iii
Acknowledgement - - - - - - - iv
Abstract - - - - - - - - -vi
Table of contents - - - - - - - -vii
1.0 Introduction- - - - - - - -1
1.1 Definition of Information - - - - -1
1.2 Historical Background of Anambra State Agricultural development programme - - -17
1.3 Statement of the problem - - - - -19
1.4 Aim of the study - - - - - - -21
1.5 Significant of the study - - - - -22
1.6 Scope of the study - - - - - -22
1.7 Research Questions - - - - - -23
1.8 Definition of terms - - - - - -23
2.0 Literature Review -- - - - - -27
2.1 The imperative of the term information - -28
2.2 The Role of information in agriculture -- -30
2.3 Information flow to the farmers - - - -34
2.4 Impact of information in development of agriculture - - - - - - - -42
2.5 Problems of information in development of agriculture - - - - - - - -45
3.1 Research Procedure and Methodology
Survey- - - - - - - - -50
3.2 Population of the study - - - - - -51
3.3 Sampling method -- - - - - -51
3.4 Sampling size - - - - - - -52
3.5 Data Collection - - - - - - -52
3.6 Method of data analysis - - - - -55
4.1 Presentation of Findings and Data Analysis Discussion - - - - - - - -56
5.0 Summary, conclusion and Recommendation-73
5.1 Summary - - - - - - - -73
5.2 Conclusion - - - - - - - -74
5.3 Recommendations - - - - - -75
5.4 Limitation of the study -- - - - -79
5.5 Recommendations for further studies -- -80
References - - - - - - - -81
Appendix I- - - - - - - -83
Questionnaire - - - - - - -84
1.1 DEFINITION OF INFORMATION
Information is referred to anything that you are capable of perceiving, this can include written communication. Speaking communication, photographs, art, music nearly anything that is perceivable. This includes enormous assortment of stimuli, but realizable, everything we come in contact, which is capable of providing and does provides us with some sort of information.
INFORMATION ACCORDING TO WEBSITES THIRD NEW INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY DEFINED:
Information as a process by which the form of an object of knowledge is impressed upon the apprehending mind so as to bring about the state of knowing it. This also includes some thing received or perceived or obtained- through information eg. Knowledge communicated by others or obtained from investigation, study or instruction.
FUNK AND WAGNALLS ENCYCLOPEDIA
Sees information as timely or specific knowledge acquired or derived signal element forming parts of massage or communication especially one assembled and made available for use by automatic machines, as in a digital computer usually machined in bits.
The Encyclopedia Biotical; Also defined agriculture as the science of cultivating the soil, growing and harvesting crop and raising livestock.
O. A. Iwena (2002) Defied agriculture as the production of crops and animals for man’s use in other words, agriculture is defied as the deliberate effort made by man to till the soil, cultivate crops and rear animals for food and other purposes.
TYPES OF AGRICULTURE
There are two major types of agriculture namely:
a. Subsistence agriculture and
b. Commercial agriculture.
A. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE:
It is the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production of finding a farmer to feed himself and his family. In order word subsistence agriculture is a system of farming where by a farmer cultivates crops and rear animals in order to provide food for use by himself and his family only.
B. COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
This is the type of agriculture which is concerned with production of food. Animals and cash crops in large quantities for sale. It makes use of modern and complex tools and implement like tractors, plough, harrows, ridges, planters, which are required for successfulness of it’s practice.
It is a process or methods used in disseminating new ideas, techniques to farmers. This methods is grouped into (3) three classes:
a) INDIVIDUAL METHOD:
The individual method includes farmer home visits aimed at direct contact between farmers and the extension agents. The purpose is to give advice or assist on wide range of farm and its problem. In order to succeed, it may require the assistance of volunteer leader to arrange meetings as to develop public relations with organization and important individuals.
b) GROUP METHOD:
The group method involves the works together with groups of farmer supervision of the extension worker. (Eg)
iv. Group demonstration
vi. Field trips
vii. Agricultural show.
Agriculture show is usually organized by state or even federal government and it includes demonstration/ Exhibition of farmer product from improved agricultural practices.
c) MASS MEDIA:
This method is used to awareness and interest in new ideas and technique among the majority of farmers. In order words, this method enables many people to know about the new innovation. Mass media includes CD ROM, radio, Television, Newspaper, Film show, Computer show case, Pamphlets, Banners, Hand bills and Handouts.